When moving to a new house, most people would likely to choose Wi-Fi to get the network as laying cable in the house is too complicated and makes room messy. But the wired network is faster and securer for internet access, file sharing, media streaming, online gaming and other things. So comparatively, the wired network is better than the wireless. Then how to wire your house with Ethernet cable? Check the following steps.
Before laying cable, your need to ask yourself several questions.
First, which room do you want to wire, in the living room, the bedroom, or kitchen? This may decide how long the Ethernet cable you need to buy.
Second, how many ports do you want in each location? As the wall plates in the market usually come into 1, 2, 4, and 6-jack configurations.
Third, what network speed you need? This question is to guide you to choose the switch and Ethernet cable.
Forth, what path should the cable take? This is the most difficult question but also important. If your house is single floor with basement, then you can choose the basement as the path. If your house is multistory, you can select to go outside. Anyway, attics, basements, air ducts, and crawl spaces are good options. It’s worth mentioning that you should take the cable length into the consideration since the max cable length for up to gigabit speeds over copper UTP cabling is 100 meters (or 300 feet). It’s wise to draw a sketch of your house and where your cable going to make your work operate more smoothly.
Now that you have finished the plan, you have to buy the materials you need. It’s better to buy all your needs from a qualified online store with fewer costs. The two tables below include some necessary products FS.COM offers.
Table 1. Materials
|For Ethernet cables, you may also buy Cat5, Cat6 or Cat7. Cat 5e cables support 1000Base-T connections, while Cat6 can handle 10-gigabit speeds.|
|RJ45 Jacks and wall plates||
|Think about how many Ethernet jacks and wall plates you need.|
|RJ45 connectors look wider than RJ11/12 connectors used for phone. Don’t mix the two kinds.|
|Cat5e patch panels cover the ports from 8 to 48. Make a decision which one you want. (This one is optional)|
|Nylon, Velcro, black/white, colorful types are all available.|
|Cat5e patch cables||
|This one is optional. You can make the cable by yourself.|
Table 2. Tools
|RJ45 crimping tool||
|RJ45 crimping tool can help you quickly strip, crimp and cut the Ethernet cables.|
|Punch down tool||
|The small hand tool is easy for use, especially good for house working.|
|Cable label & printer||
|This one is for simple and fast cable identification.|
|Network cable tester||
|Tester is for checking if the network operates well after you finish cabling.|
Look at your sketch and find where to install the wall plates. First, line up and measure the size of the wall plate. Then draw the outlines on the wall to prepare for cutting the hole which is the most difficult during this process. And use a stud finder prior to make sure that you don’t hit a stud. Next step is to cut the hole. In this step, just leave the wall plates off.
Before running your cable, make a measurement to see the cable length for each run. You can measure from floor plans, run one, etc. If you run one cable to each room from the distribution room, gently pull it out and make other cable run like it. Then clear the path in the walls and drill holes. Once you have drilled the holes you can string out the cable and ensure no extra cable is tucked in the wall. After that, you can label cables on both ends and measure the exact cable length. Remember to leave spare cables for stripping and crimping.
Now you need to wire the cables. Strip about one inch of the outer jacket off the cable and push the wires into the keystone jack to match the color code marked on it (T568A or T568B standards). Punch down the cables to keystone jacks (or patch panel) with a punch down tool. After you have all the cables connected, you can click the jacks into the wall plates. At last, fix the wall plate on the wall with supplied screws.
Once all cables are wired, test the network with network cable tester. If LEDs on the tester light up, it means the Ethernet plug is connected correctly. On the contrary, Ethernet plug is not connected right and you should check the Ethernet plug. After everything is prepared well, you can connect the network.
This article talks about detailed steps of wiring you house with Ethernet cable. You see it’s not too difficult to get a wired solution for home network. Would you like to have a try? You are suggested to buy materials and tools from FS.COM. For more information, please contact via firstname.lastname@example.org.
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