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How Data Center Network Congestion Can Be Reduced

Posted on Jun 17, 2023 by
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Network congestion occurs when the amount of data being sent through a network exceeds its processing capacity. It can result in slow data transfer, packet loss, and even a complete failure of the network. Congestion can happen for various reasons, such as an increase in the number of users, bandwidth limitations, and routing issues. Network congestion can be a significant problem for businesses and individuals as it can impact productivity and efficiency.

What is Network Congestion?

Network congestion refers to the situation where there is too much traffic on a network, which leads to a decrease in its performance and efficiency. Often, this is caused by a surge in the number of devices or users on a network that exceeds the capacity of the network to handle all of them at once.

When congestion occurs, data packets may be delayed, lost, or dropped. This leads to slower data transfer rates, longer download and upload times, and increased latency. In severe cases, it can even cause the network to crash or become unavailable.

Network congestion can occur in any type of network, including local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), and the Internet. It is a common problem that affects many different types of devices, including computers, routers, servers, and other network components.

Network Congestion

Why Data Centers Can't Have Network Congestion

Network congestion is when the data network becomes congested and overloaded with data traffic, which slows down the speed of data transfer and can cause data loss.

Here are several reasons:

  • Reliability: Data centers need to be reliable and ensure data accessibility, performance, and security. Network congestion will lead to data unavailability or loss, which can affect the reliability of the data center.

  • Efficiency: Data centers need to operate efficiently to manage costs and provide high-quality services to clients. Congestion will lead to slower data transfer rates and more operating costs, which can affect the efficiency of the data center.

  • Capacity: Data centers have limited bandwidth capacity to handle data traffic, and network congestion will exceed their capacity, leading to potential data loss or system failure.

  • Security: Data centers must keep data secure and protect against cyber-attacks. Network congestion will cause security breaches when hackers take advantage of network weaknesses to access confidential data.

In summary, data centers can't have network congestion because it can affect their reliability, efficiency, capacity, and security—leading to potential data loss or system failure. Therefore, data centers must prioritize network management to ensure optimal data transfer speed and efficiency.

How to Solve the Problem of Network Congestion?

Network congestion occurs when there is a significant increase in network traffic that surpasses the available network resources, leading to performance degradation and slower data transfer speeds. Solving network congestion requires a combination of strategies aimed at managing and optimizing network resources. Here are several approaches to address network congestion:

  • Upgrade your network: Consider upgrading your network bandwidth or implementing Quality of Service (QoS) solutions to prioritize traffic.

  • Implement traffic shaping: Traffic shaping is a method that regulates the amount and type of data that goes through a network. It helps prevent network congestion by balancing the flow of traffic and reducing the amount of data that enters the network at any given time.

  • Reduce unnecessary traffic: Ensure that only essential data is transmitted over the network. Avoid non-essential software updates or downloads during peak hours.

  • Use compression techniques: Compressing data can help reduce the size of files to be transferred, which results in less congestion.

  • Implement load balancing: Load balancing distributes network traffic across multiple servers, reducing the load on any one server and preventing congestion.

  • Upgrade network hardware: Upgrading hardware, such as switches or routers, can increase the network's capacity, enabling it to handle more traffic.

By implementing these solutions, you can reduce congestion and improve the overall performance of your network.

Network Protocols to Reduce Network Congestion

There are several network protocols that are used in data center flow control technology. Some of the most common ones include:

  • 802.1Qbb – Priority-based Flow Control (PFC), this protocol is used to enable the lossless handling of traffic in Ethernet networks. It works by giving higher priority to certain types of traffic, such as storage traffic or VoIP, which require a guaranteed level of bandwidth and latency.

  • 802.3x – This protocol is used to prevent network congestion by enabling devices to signal each other when they are overloaded. It works by pausing transmission of data until the receiving device is ready to receive it.

  • 802.1Qau – It also known as Congestion Notification (CN), this protocol is used to provide congestion management in Ethernet networks. It works by notifying devices of potential congestion before it occurs, allowing them to take proactive measures to avoid it.

  • Data Center Bridging Exchange (DCBX) – This protocol is used to exchange information between network devices in order to configure and manage network settings. It includes features such as priority flow control, congestion management, and virtual LAN (VLAN) discovery and management.

These protocols are essential to maintaining the reliability, performance, and overall efficiency of data center networks.

Choosing the Right Data Center Switches to Avoid Network Congestion

For high data transmission in data centers, data center switches must ensure business continuity. For example, while the FS data center switch has basic functions, it can also achieve low network latency and zero packet loss, effectively avoiding network congestion. They internally support a variety of network flow control technologies, such as network protocols such as PFC/ECN.

In addition, FS data center switches support EVPN-VXLAN, helping users quickly and flexibly deploy networks on a large scale and reduce data center network management costs. In terms of hardware facilities, power supply redundancy protection ensures business continuity, which can greatly improve the stability of your data center network operation.

Switches N5860-48SC N8560-48BC N8560-32C N8560-64C
Ports 48x 10G SFP+| 8x 100G QSFP28 48x 25G SFP28| 8x 100G QSFP28 32x 100G QSFP28 64x 100G QSFP28
Switch Chip BCM56873 BCM56873 BCM56870 BCM56970
Packet Buffer 32MB 32MB 32MB 42MB
Latency <1μs <1μs <1μs <1μs
Network Protocol PFC, ECN, DCBX PFC, ECN, DCBX PFC, ECN, DCBX PFC, ECN, DCBX

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