What Is 10 Gigabit Ethernet (10 GbE) and Do We Need It?

Updated on Jan 19, 2022 by

The demand for 10G networks has been increased with the wave of digitization and the emergence of new technologies, aiming to enhance data processing efficiency and user experience.

What Is 10 Gigabit Ethernet?

10 Gigabit Ethernet, also known as 10GbE and 10G Ethernet, is a telecommunication technology that offers data speeds up to 10 billion bits per second, which is 10 times faster than the traditional Gigabit Ethernet standard.

10Gb Ethernet is needed to connect routers, 10G switches, and servers in data centers and enterprises, and for long-distance and high-bandwidth trunks to enable area networks based on Ethernet and fiber. It supports connectivity in a wide range of network applications, such as local area networks (LAN), wide area networks (WAN), and metropolitan area networks (MAN).

10 gigabit ethernet

Why Do We Need a 10G Network?

10 Gigabit Ethernet can help create a reliable high-speed backbone, which increases data transmission and processing capabilities, reduces traffic congestion, and relieves pressure on the system. In addition, 10GbE improves network reliability as it can lessen connection interruptions or delays. With a 10G Network, you can boost employee productivity and shorten response time to customers, facilitating business growth in the ever-changing digital world.

Compared with traditional Gigabit Ethernet, the data frame format in 10Gb Ethernet remains the same, which means 10GbE technology is fully interoperable with existing Ethernet protocols, and users can easily deploy it within their existing networks. In addition to similarities, it provides a cost-effective, efficient way to move data between networks by using full-duplex protocol via a network switch.

What Is 10G Ethernet Usually Used for?

SMBs and Enterprises Networks

10G network applies to small and large businesses that need to move large data sets. In this increasingly digitized world, high-speed internet is becoming increasingly important for businesses as more and more intensive applications run on servers and cloud services. 10GbE eliminates all bottlenecks that might arise while using 1Gbit/s. It provides cost-effective means for the high-speed, low-latency requirements of new computing applications, such as video, streaming, regular data backups, etc.

In a 10G network, 10G Ethernet switches are vital for most enterprises. Generally, enterprises utilize the 10G network switches to supply Layer 2 networking for their high-speed network applications, more so in a server room or data center.

10G switch

Data Center Networks

As virtualization is widely used throughout data centers, many organizations have jumped on the server virtualization bandwagon to help better leverage server hardware and boost efficiencies. A 10G network can provide the necessary throughput for efficient communication between virtual machines in data centers.

Many manufacturers of server and storage platforms are now offering 10GbE I/O’s for data centers to help alleviate bottlenecks caused by increased I/O traffic from more powerful and multi-core processors. It makes sense to take full advantage of these higher-speed I/O’s by upgrading to 10GbE.

Home Networks

For small-scale home or studio networks, tools like cloud storage allow for easy collaboration. However, when files get larger, the barriers between network devices arise due to the hours of wait time required.

With 10 Gigabit Ethernet, unified storage becomes more feasible. Store your movies or music super-fast and stream them from any authorized device; open a large design file in seconds and collaborate easily with your friends; or back up your computer over the network in minutes without a USB stick, etc. With a 10 Gbps network, all these tasks take you only 1/10th of the time compared with a Gigabit network.

Upgrading to 10 Gigabit Ethernet Network

The need for speed is growing rapidly in businesses of all sizes, data centers, and homes. For enterprises in particular, a 10G network can facilitate business growth to keep pace with customers or competitors.

How to Prepare for a 10 Gbps Network?

Upgrading to a 10GbE network involves a variety of devices and products, including 10G Ethernet switches, transceivers, copper, and fiber optic cables. FS offers a variety of device choices and network cabling solutions to meet your 10G network needs. FS 10G switches are designed for various businesses, providing a wide range of choices for ISP, data centers and enterprises.

FS S5860 Series Switches

  • Advanced hardware designs, such as cutting-edge Broadcom chips, hot-swappable power supplies and fans, and energy-saving circuit design, ensure stable performance.

  • 20 and 48 x 10G Ethernet ports meet requirements in multiple scenarios such as data centers, enterprise aggregation and core.

  • IPv4/IPv6, virtual stacking, sound security protection policies, and QoS realize diverse safe network designs.

  • Easy network maintenance assured by Airware Cloud/WEB/CLI/SNMP achieves a user-friendly operation experience.

FS S5850 Series Switches

  • 24, 32, and 48 x 10G Ethernet ports for versatile connectivity.

  • Intelligent Ethernet OAM (operation, administration, and maintenance) to monitor and troubleshoot Ethernet links.

  • Enhanced QoS control for intelligent traffic management.

  • MPLS for advanced broadband management.

FS S5800 Series Switches

  • Achieve higher capacity of up to 600 Gbps switching capacity at a lower cost. Optimal traffic control enables microsecond latency.

  • ARP inspection and IP Source Guard features are supported to protect business networks from attacks.

  • Simplifies professional knowledge training. Real-time configuration, monitoring, and troubleshooting of devices can be achieved without CLI expertise.

  • Higher bandwidth applications, such as 4K videos, high-definition video conferences, and low-latency gaming, are supported.

Do You Need 10G Ethernet?

Users currently using Gigabit Ethernet may be confused about whether to migrate to 10 Gigabit Ethernet. Here are the situations that demonstrate the need to upgrade your network, which can help you make a proper decision.

For individuals:

  • You are doing video editing, streaming, audio production, etc, which consumes a large amount of data.

  • Your high-quality workflow always lags due to slow transfer speeds.

For enterprises:

  • Your businesses use HD streaming frequently and often have a lot of files to deal with.

  • Your company is growing and the number of employees is increasing, causing your network to experience user congestion.

  • Your networking racks are getting full, it’s only logical to replace your 1Gb switches with a 10G switch, adding more connectivity while saving space.


More and more network users now want to be able to connect with any device, anywhere and anytime with high-quality, super-fast connections and no downtime. 10G Ethernet technology provides the possibility. If you’re thinking about upgrading your network, it’s a good idea to consider FS 10G Ethernet solutions and products.



Related article:

10G Ethernet Cabling Solutions | FS Community

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