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Optical Transceiver / 25/40/100/400G Transceiver / QSFP BiDi — 40GbE Over LC Duplex Multimode Fiber

QSFP BiDi — 40GbE Over LC Duplex Multimode Fiber

Posted on By FS.COM

Growing data center consolidation, higher-performance servers, and increasing application density on virtualized servers are driving network capacity demands to levels previously unimagined. The data center network is shifting to 10 Gbps at the access layer and 40 Gbps at the aggregation layer. However, to support 40Gbps connectivity, data center architects need to upgrade the cabling infrastructure. This could be too expensive or disruptive to allow data centers to quickly adopt and migrate to the 40Gbps technology. Now the problem can be solved with 40G QSFP BiDi optics, which allows for zero-cost fiber migration by reusing the current 10Gbps cabling for 40Gbps device connectivity.

40G QSFP BiDi vs. Legacy 40GBASE SR4 QSFP: What’s the Difference?

As we know, existing 40GBASE SR4 QSFP+ use independent transmitter and receiver sections, each with 4 parallel fiber strands. For a 40Gbps connection, 8 fiber strands are required (shown in the picture below). Usually, a legacy 40GBASE SR4 QSFP+ can support link lengths of 100 meters and 150 meters, respectively, on 8-fiber or 12-fiber MPO/MTP OM3 and OM4 multimode fibers.

40GBASE SR4 QSFP using MTP cable

Figure 1: Legacy 40GBASE SR4 QSFP+ transceiver using 8-fiber or 12-fiber MTP MMF cable.

Unlike legacy 40GBASE SR4 QSFP+, 40G QSFP BiDi has two 20Gbps channels, each transmitted and received simultaneously on two wavelengths over a single MMF strand, enabling an aggregated 40Gbps link over a two-strand multimode fiber connection. The following picture shows the technology concept of the 40G QSFP BiDi transceiver. It can also support link lengths of 100 meters and 150 meters, but on duplex LC OM3 and OM4 multimode fibers, which enables it use the existing 10 gigabit duplex MMF infrastructure for migration to 40 Gigabit Ethernet connectivity.

40G qsfp bidi using duplex LC MMF cable

Figure 2: 40G QSFP BiDi using duplex LC MMF cable.

Upgrading from 10G to 40G: Why 40G QSFP BiDi Is More Cost-Effective?

In an unstructured cabling system, devices are connected directly with fiber cables. This direct-attachment design can be used to connect devices within short distances in a data center network. Direct connection between two legacy 40GBASE SR4 QSFP+ transceivers and two 40G QSFP BiDi transceivers is shown in the picture below. The legacy 40GBASE SR4 QSFP+ use MPO MMF fiber, whereas 40G QSFP BiDi use LC MMF fiber. As we know, existing 10Gbps direct connections also commonly use LC MMF fiber, 40G QSFP BiDi therefore allows cable reuse, resulting in zero-cost cabling migration from direct 10Gbps connections to direct 40Gbps connections.

qsfp bidi and 40gbase sr4 connection

Figure 3: Direct connection between two legacy 40GBASE SR4 QSFP+ transceivers and two 40G QSFP BiDi transceivers

Besides unstructured cabling system, a structured cabling system is commonly deployed in data center networks to provide more flexible and scalable cabling infrastructure. Structured cabling uses short patch cords to attach devices to a patch panel and then uses fiber trunk cables either to consolidate the cables in a central location for additional connectivity or to direct the cables to another patch panel, to which the remote devices are attached. Following picture shows 40Gbps structured cabling solutions with both legacy 40GBASE SR4 QSFP+ transceivers and 40G QSFP BiDi transceivers.

Structured cabling between two 40G QSFP+ modules

Figure 4: Structured cabling between two legacy 40G QSFP BiDi transceivers and two 40GBASE SR4 QSFP transceivers.

To further analyze which 40Gbps structured cabling solution is more cost-effective for 10G to 40G migration, we give a 10Gbps structured cabling solutions in the following picture. From the picture above and below, we can see that the cabling infrastructure of 40G QSFP BiDi transceivers is the same as the 10Gbps structured cabling solutions. Therefore, with 40G QSFP BiDi transceivers, the existing 10Gbps fiber infrastructure can be reused. Customers can upgrade their network from 10 Gigabit Ethernet to 40 Gigabit Ethernet without incurring any fiber infrastructure upgrade cost.

Structured cabling between two 10G SFP+ modules

Figure 5: Structured cabling between two 10GBASE-SR SFP+ transceivers.

Switches and Routers Supported for 40G QSFP BiDi

In market, there is a broad portfolio of high-performance and high-density 40Gbps switches and routers available to support the 40G QSFP BiDi transceivers, especially the Cisco Nexus 6000 and 7000 Series and Nexus 5600 and 7700 platform switch models. Following table displays some available switches models.

Switches & Routers Series Models
Cisco Nexus 5000 Series N5K-C5672UP, N5K-C56128P, N56-M24UP2Q
Cisco Nexus 6000 Series N604-96Q-B-24Q, N6K-C6004-M12Q
Cisco Nexus 7000 Series N7K-M206FQ-23L, N7K-F312FQ-25, N77-F324FQ-25
Cisco Nexus 9000 Series N9K-C93128TX, N9K-C9396PX, N9K-C93128PX, N9K-C9396TX, N9K-X9564PX N9K-C9336PQ, N9K-X9636PQ, N9K-X9736PQ, N9K-X9564TX

40G QSFP BiDi is now available and in stock for same-day shipping in FS.COM. For more information, you can contact us via sales@fs.com.

Related Article: 10G-40G Migration: Saving With 40G SMF&MMF QSFP+ Transceiver