DWDM (Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing) is an optical technology used in fiber optics to increase bandwidth over existing fiber optic backbones. Due to the large capacity, high survivability and flexibility, DWDM technology is common to be seen in backbone network and long haul transmission. However, in the actual cases, problems like optical fiber faults and line interruption may affect the communication and services that carried by optical fibers. Therefore, a secured DWDM network is required to address these issues. Here presents five common solutions for the secured DWDM network.
Five Common Solutions for the Secured DWDM Network
To minimize the network risks and cater to the network monitoring, here lists five DWDM transport network solutions, that is, OLP, OPD, OPM, ring network protection and complete protection. The following sample solutions all adopt 40CH DWDM Mux/Demux with 10G DWDM 80 km transceivers, and G.652 fiber grade by default. In the point-to-point network, 80 km distance is designed with the fiber attenuation of 0.25dB per kilometer. In the three-point ring network, the distance between every two sites is 40 km.
Optical Line Protection (OLP)
OLP is a device that is used to protect the optical network transmission line. It can achieve optical power monitoring and optical line automatic switching. In optical communication network, OLP monitors optical power of optical fiber and standby optical fiber at real time. When the current optical power of optical fiber is less than pre-set switching threshold value, the alarm is triggered and the traffic will be switched over to the standby optical fiber automatically in less than 15ms to protect optical transmission system line. It should be noted that the length of the main link and the standby link must be similar. OLP is an ideal choice for backbone network when there are enough dark fibers. There are different types of OLP devices and the most commonly used OLP are OLP 1:1 and OLP 1+1. The following picture shows a point-to-point DWDM solution with OLP.
Optical Power Detection (OPD)
OPD is a kind of optical power monitoring device, which features high monitoring precision and wide optical power monitoring scope. It is suitable for the loss measurement of optical fiber, cable, and other optical passive devices, and the construction and maintenance of optical fiber communication system.
OPD is similar to the optical power meter, and it mainly has 1310nm/1550nm monitoring light. It can carry on real-time detection and monitoring of the link that can find out business failure. Thus it is able to improve the stability of the network, the quality of maintenance, and minimize users’ actual loss. However, OPD can not decide whether the fault is optical fiber or equipment.
Optical Performance Monitoring (OPM)
In DWDM networks, OPM mainly works for monitoring the quality of data channel by measuring its optical characteristics in real time. It can ensure correct switching in reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexers, set levels for dynamic equalization of the gain of optical amplifiers, and provide system alarms and error warning for lost or out of specification optical channels.
Long-haul transmission involving DWDM Network contain many components that may attenuate optical signal strength. The longer the fiber optic cables are, the larger possibility the signal strength is affected. Therefore, it is crucial to deploy OPMs as strategic points along the routes, as they can ensure high-quality optical signal and data integrity. However, the use of OPM is constrained to C-band.
Ring Network Protection
When your network can form a ring topology, optical channel shared protection ring architecture is a cost-effective and secure choice. Take three-point ring network as an example. Business from one site can be transited clockwise or counterclockwise to another site. In this case, if the optical fiber between two sites cut, the business can run normally by sending the data in the opposite direction to the destination.
It seems irrational to add another same configuration to the solution. However, it is highly applicable when the budget is adequate with excess fibers. The purpose is that the link, once being broken, can be switched onto the excess allocated capacity in certain time to ensure the normal work. It is viable to use the excess redundant portion of the network to provide network capacity in the event of a failure or fault, especially in Point-to-Point DWDM network, as the failure of equipment, fiber or nodes is not a rarity, sometimes resulting in a huge loss in revenue. Moreover, it is more effective that OLP (Optical Line Protection), also, more expensive.
With increased automation level and fewer manual processes, it is critical to ensure that the right safeguards are in place to detect and mitigate security vulnerabilities. FS dedicated solutions are designed to help create secure networks that connect all sites over the DWDM network, and minimize network errors, leaving the possibility for meeting the future regulatory requirements.
What are the differences between tunable DWDM transceiver and fixed-wavelength modules? This post explains their differences in working principle, application and cost, then uses FS box to show how to change the wavelength of the DWDM tunable transceiver.
Our customer is going to design a long-haul 4x10G OTN network project using single mode fiber beyond 465 km, actually nearly 500 km, as shown in the following figure. Link loss is 0.3 dB on per KM. Site 1, 2 & 6 are AC powered sites. Site 3, 4 & 5 are DC Powered sites. AC and DC power are available on both DC1 & DC 2. The network switches they use include Cisco WS-C4500X-16, Cisco WS-C4500X-32, Huawei S6720-54C-EI-48S-AC, Huawei S5720-56C-EI-48S-AC, Juniper EX4550-32F. Customers' req
Complete Analysis on DWDM Technology
It has been over 20 years since DWDM technology first came on the scene, and in the last two decades it has revolutionized the transmission of information over long distances. At present, DWDM technology is so widely applied that we almost forget that there was a time when it did not exist and when accessing information from the other side of the globe was expensive and slow.
DWDM Technology: Data in a Rainbow
Over the past few years, the use of wave division multiplexing (WDM) to introduce more bandwidth on a single mode fiber (SMF) becomes very popular. To fulfill the requirement of bandwidth flexibility and operational efficiency, the optical add/drop multiplexer (OADM) was introduced to multiplex and route different channels of light into or out of a single mode fiber. The traditional OADM used the fixed lasers/filters for fixed wavelengths, but now it can not meet the increasing use of bandwidth,