How to Terminate and Install Cat5e, Cat6 Keystone Jacks?
These days, to DIY a smart network at home has become a trend in IT community. Even for those who are not IT professional, they want to have a try according to the book or online instruction. Maybe you've already succeeded in running your telecom network's cross-connect cabling by yourself. Now, do you want to try self-terminating network cables into Keystone jacks? Cat5e and Cat6 wiring may look intimidating, but it will finally turn out to be a piece of cake with this easy-to-follow termination tutorial.
To terminate and Install Cat5e/Cat6 Keystone Jacks on yourself, you have to be certain of every connection you make to ensure a reliable network. Before introducing the termination method and process to you, to have some basic knowledge about the Keystone Jack, or have a review of this information if you are a networking professional, would help you do a better work.
Preliminary Information for Keystone Jacks
A keystone jack is a female connector used in data communications, particularly local area networks (LANs). The jack is usually mounted in a wall plate or patch panel. And T568A and T568B are the two wiring standards for an 8-position modular connector, permitted under the TIA/EIA-568-A wiring standards document. The only difference between T568A and T568B (also known as Weco, AT&T 258A) is that the orange and green wire pairs (pairs two and three) are interchanged. T568B is very common in the USA. In the keystone keys, both T568A and T568B wiring schemes are labeled. The cat5e and cat6 wiring diagram with corresponding colors are twisted in the network cabling and should remain twisted as much as possible when terminating them at a jack.
A principal advantage of keystone connectors is their versatility. Several types of keystone jack can be mounted on a single patch panel. They are available in unshielded and shielded forms, and can accommodate cords and cables having various numbers of conductors. Each keystone jack is slightly different in how they are labeled and how the colors are arranged. The following are the three most commonly seen Keystone jacks:
This jack style has 2 standard pairs on the right, and the 2 variable pairs on the left. The A standard is the center column and the B standard is on the left. Both A and B standard apply to the right side of the jack. The solid color box with the lower right corner missing represents the solid color wire with the white stripe. The white box with the colored tip represents the white wire with the colored stripe.
This jack style has both A and B standards on both sides of the jack, with the color code running down the center. The solid color rectangle represents the solid color wire with the white stripe, while the half white half color rectangle represents the white wire with the colored stripe.
This jack style has the A and B standard codes labeled on the outside of the jack, with the A standard on top and the B standard on the bottom. The solid box represents the solid wire with the white stripe while the box with the white diagonal stripe going through the middle, represents the white wire with the colored stripe.
Materials and Tools Needed
Gathering your materials and tools is what you need to do after having some technical knowledge on Keystone jacks. Things you will need are listed below.
The keystone jacks are actually easy and quick to install. We wrote these instructions in many steps so as to give our customers a very detailed assembly instruction. With our easy-to-follow termination guide, you'll have your Cat5 jacks, Cat5e jacks and Cat6 jacks or etc wired, installed and ready to go in no time!
Insert patch cable into stripping tool to the desired strip length. Strip off only as much cable jacket needed to properly terminate the pairs (1 to 1.5 inches should be sufficient to terminate pairs).
Holding the cable near the tool, rotate the tool around the cable several times.
Slightly bend the outer jacket and manually remove the cut piece or slide the cut outer jacket with the stripper.
Bend each pair in one direction to expose the rip cord, binder or cross-web filler on the cable.
Remove the rip cord, binder or cross-web filler if they are present on the cable, leaving only the twisted pairs of wire. The cross-web filler should be cut as flush as possible to the jacket.
Determine the wiring scheme and properly align all four cables accordingly on the jack. Keep the cable jacket as close to the connector as possible. Always use connectors, wall plates and patch panels that are compatible (same rating or higher) with the grade of the cable used.
Preserve the wire pair twists as close as possible to the point of termination. When connecting jacks and plugs, do not untwist the cable more than 0.5 inches for Category 5e, 6 and 6A cable.
Helpful Hint: A half of an inch of an untwisted wire pair results in 1.5 dB of near-end crosstalk.
Insert wires down into IDC terminal slots to position them before punching down. Maintain the twist. To “future-proof” an installation, terminate all four pairs. The picture above shows an outlet being wired to the T568B wiring scheme.
When using a punch-down tool, make sure the tool is straight before punching down on the connector. Make sure the cut-side of the tool is facing outward.
Inspect the connector to verify that the wires are fully engaged in the IDC terminals and they are cut properly.
Place a dust cover on the jack for protection.
This is how your assembled jack should look.
Have you acquired this skill after going through all the steps? In this tutorial we have tried to make it intuitive and easy on every step in the hope of giving our customers a helpful instruction. If you have learned how to terminate a Keystone jack, then have a try. Most of you will have no trouble in installing this jack in five minutes or less.
Generally, there are three important standards mostly used in generic cabling system (GCS). They are TIA 568, ISO 11801 and EN 50173. Then, what are they? What are their differences? How can we choose the right standard to judge the quality of an Ethernet patch cable? What applications are they used respectively? Read through this post to find all the answers.
What Is TIA 568?
To begin with, you must know what the “TIA standards” is before starting with one of its branches TIA 568 direct
When installing Ethernet cable in walls or ceilings, you may encounter terms like CM, CMR, CMP, or some others like PVC and LSZH. Do you know what these terms really mean and which one does your project actually need? Among all these terms, CM, CMR and CMP are the most common Ethernet cable ratings specified by the National Electric Code (NEC). They’re named by the ability of resisting to fire to ensure safety in case that you didn’t use the right cable rated for its intended use. This post will
Network & Communication Cables That Power Your Internet
Different network cables are needed depending on the network’s physical layer, topology, and size. Can you figure out which type of patch cable and network cable connector to use? This article will introduce some common types of network cables and their characteristics.
Network and communication cables are network hardware used to connect one network device to other network devices. For example, co
Generally, cables can transmit information along their length. To actually get the information where it needs to go, you need to make the right connections to an RJ45 interface or RJ45 connector. Your cable run needs to terminate into a connector, which needs a jack to plug into. What is RJ45? RJ45 is a standard type of physical connector for network cables, which is especially used for Ethernet networking. And “45” is the number of the interface standard. Recently, RJ45 connectors are commonly