For today’s data center, the increased high-density fiber links offered by the pre-terminated modular system have proven to be extremely valuable in space-constrained installations. However, when upgrading to 40/100G devices with the existing 10G devices, some data center operators could face the challenge of getting the correct fiber polarity. Fortunately, there are standard polarity flip methods that can facilitate correct polarity management in multi-fiber duplex connection.
A typical fiber optic link requires two fibers for full duplex (two-way) communications, it is very important to ensure that the transmit signal at one end of the link is mated with the corresponding photo detector of the receiver at the other end. For the multi-fiber link, bidirectional transmission, multiple connections and splices along the link further complicate the system design. Pre-terminated fiber patch panel (including adapter panel and fiber cassette) is the heart of a modular fiber system, which supports groups of full duplex fiber connections. Therefore, it will be important to consider assuring the proper polarity of these array connections from end-to-end.
The TIA/EIA has developed a standard that addresses the polarity issues associated with multi-fiber array connections. There are three methods (Methods A, B & C) for wiring point-to-point fiber links using array connections, which are designed to assure the correct polarity. Once one of particular connectivity method is selected, a set of the common patch cord, array cable, and transmission components should be used throughout the installation. The selected cabling scheme should also adhere to one of the methods in the standard to maintain system compatibility and interoperability. The following will discuss the three polarity management methods of MTP-12 trunk cable:
Table 1: Three Polarity Management Methods.
Method A achieves fiber polarity by using A to A patch cord, in which the transmit-receiver flip must happen. The trunk cable is a straight through transmission, with the key-up on one end, and the key-down on the opposite end. All components in the channel are mated key-up to key-down.
Method B achieves polarity by dictating all components in the system are mated key-up to key-up. The straight through patch cord (A to B patch cord) is used at both ends. The fiber of trunk cable is mated position 1 with position 12.
Method C uses a pair-wise fiber flip in the trunk cable to correct for polarity. Each adjacent pair of fibers at one end are flipped at the other end, which means position 1 is mated with position 2, position 3 is mated with position 4, etc. This enables the use of the same module type on both ends of the channel and standard patch cords.
For more information about fiber polarity, please refer to Understanding Polarity in MTP System.
Modular fiber cassettes are enclosed units that contain 12 or 24-fiber factory terminated fan-outs inside. These cassettes provide a transition from MTP connector at the rear to SC, LC, ST-style or MT-RJ connectors at the front of the cassettes. The fan-outs are completed in the internal fibers for converting and routing the connections.
This method requires A-to-A patch cable on one end of the system for polarity flip. The Type A MTP/MPO cassette makes a “key-up to key-down” connection between the internal MTP connector and the MTP array cable connector. Method A system can work for both single-mode and multimode channels. By the way, with FS.COM fiber optic cassette configuration, Type A and AF are used as a pair in a two cassette Method A link, you no longer need the A-to-A patch cable. It provides an easy way for proper interconnection.
Figure 1: Connectivity Method A.
This method requires one of the cassette pairs to have reversed polarity, which employs key-up to key-up straight-through link. The fiber channel is completed by utilizing A-to-B patch cables at both ends of the link. But the Method B is not available for single mode networks.
Figure 2: Connectivity Method B.
This method is only available when using a micro distribution trunk cable, because the polarity flip is completed in the special trunk cable that has the pair-wise flip built into individual fiber pairs. The fiber channel is also completed by utilizing A-to-B patch cables at both ends of the link.
Figure 3: Connectivity Method C.
Fiber patch panel is often used in fiber optical cabling. In the process of connecting, the fiber cable is terminated with SC or LC adapters on the fiber patch panel. Some people may be confused about whether need to flip fiber pair at the connector. If so, should this cross-connection be made in one of the end or both ends to get correct polarity? Here will give you answer.
Figure 4：Polarity Management for Fiber Patch Panel.
Maintaining polarity requires that the “B” transmit signal connects to the “A” receive signal. When connecting optical fiber from patch panel to another device, the polarity reversal is usually required during fiber optic cabling. There are available with two types of serial duplex pair connections: “A-to-B” patch cord for “straight-through” wiring and “A-to-A” patch cord for “crossover” wiring. The best practice is to flip polarity at the patch panel, the only reason is that it can keep track of where the cables are switched within the fiber patch panel. For traditional standard patch cord, the polarity reversal can only cross on one of the patch cables. It is equivalent to the Method A mentioned above. On the other hand, the LC uniboot patch cord now is developed for polarity reversal, it is more convenient to flip polarity without re-terminating the connectors. There are two basic types of design principle for polarity reversal: one is to switch the A and B positions of the LC uniboot patch cord, the other is rotate connector 180 degrees to exchange the position.
Modular fiber patch panel cabling technology offers many advantages facilitating high performance, rapid and error-free installation and reliable robust operation. The best way to maintain correct optical polarity in these systems is to select a standards-based approach and to adhere to it throughout an installation. For more information, please feel free to visit FS.COM.
Related Article: Polarity and MTP Technology in 40/100GbE Transmission