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SFP vs SFP+ vs SFP28 vs QSFP+ vs QSFP28, What Are the Differences?

October 25, 2019

Selecting the right connector is essential to build a network that functions correctly at an efficient price point. There are five form factors: SFP, SFP+, SFP28, QSFP+ and QSFP28. They are substantially more popular than the rest in the world of fiber connectivity. But, How to choose between these five form factors? What are their differences?

Comparison: SFP vs SFP+ vs SFP28 vs QSFP+ vs QSFP28


Optics Type Standard Data Rate Wavelength Fiber Type Max Distance Typical Connector DOM Operating Temperature
SFP (Product) SFP MSA 155Mbps
622Mbps
1.25Gbps
2.125Gbps
2.5Gbps
3Gbps
4.25Gbps
850nm
1310nm
1550nm
CWDM
DWDM
BIDI
OM1
OM2
OS1
OS2
160km LC
SC
RJ-45
NO or YES Commercial/Industrial
SFP+ (Product) IEE802.3ae
SFF-8431
SFF-8432
6Gbps
8.5Gbps
10Gbps
850nm
1310nm
1550nm
CWDM
DWDM
BIDI
Tunable
Copper
OM3
OM4
OS1
OS2
120km LC
RJ-45
YES Commercial/Industrial
QSFP+ (Product) IEEE 802.3ba
QSFP+ MSA
SFF-8436
SFF-8636
Infiniband 40G QDR
41.2Gbps 850nm
1310nm
832-918nm
OM3
OM4
OS1
OS2
40km LC
MTP/MPO
YES Commercial/Industrial
SFP28 (Product) IEEE 802.3by
SFP28 MSA
SFF-8472
SFF-8432
25.78Gbps 850nm
1310nm
OM3
OM4
OS1
OS2
10km LC YES Commercial/Industrial
QSFP28 (Product) IEEE 802.3bm
QSFP28 MSA
SFF-8665
SFF-8636
103Gbps
112Gbps
850nm
1310nm
CWDM4
OM3
OM4
OS1
OS2
80km LC
MTP/MPO-12
YES Commercial/Industrial

SFP vs SFP+

Same size with different speed and compatibility. SFP+ is used in 10-Gigabit Ethernet applications while SFP is for 100BASE or 1000BASE applications. SFP complies with standards of IEEE802.3 and SFF-8472 while SFP+ is based on SFF-8431. SFP+ ports can accept SFP optics but at a reduced speed of 1 Gbit/s. And an SFP+ transceiver can not be plugged into an SFP port, otherwise, the product or port may be damaged. Normally, SFP+ is more expensive than SFP.

SFP+ vs SFP28

SFP+ is mainly linked to 10G, while SFP28 is commonly associated with 25G connections. They use the same form factor, and the pinouts of SFP28 and SFP+ connectors are mating compatible. So SFP28 will work with SFP+ optics but at a reduced speed of 10 Gbit/s. And SFP+ modules will work well with the SFP28 port on a network switch if the port can be set up for 10G transmission, otherwise, the SFP+ modules can not work.

25G SFP28 Transceiver Module Overview

SFP+ vs QSFP+

The primary difference between QSFP and SFP is the quad form. QSFP+ is an evolution of QSFP to support four 10 Gbit/s channels carrying 10-Gigabit Ethernet, 10G Fiber Channel, or InfiniBand, which allows for 4X10G cables and stackable networking designs that achieve better throughput. QSFP+ can replace 4 standard SFP+ transceivers, resulting in greater port density and overall system cost savings over SFP+.

What Is QSFP+ Module: QSFP+ Transceiver Wiki and Types

SFP28 vs QSFP28

SFP28 and QSFP28 transceivers actually adopt different sizes and working principles. SFP28 supports only one channel with 25 Gbit/s, while QSFP28 supports 4 separate lanes, and each is 25 Gbit/s. Both of them can be used in 100G networks, but the SFP28 is applied in the form of QSFP28 to the SFP28 breakout solution.

100G QSFP28 Optical Transceiver Comparison

It's clear that the main driving force behind the evolution of optical transceivers is the need to achieve higher bandwidth rates with smaller form-factor. In modern, dense networks, small form factors are a constant necessity. After a clear understanding of them, you also have to consider your network traffic, transmission distance, and future-proof networking requirements for ensuring the right selection.

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