IP Ratings & Standards Explained

Posted on Aug 23, 2023 by

Industrial Switch

In the realm of technological advancement, where devices serve as our steadfast companions, a lesser-known yet profoundly crucial aspect comes to the fore: IP ratings and standards. These unassuming acronyms hold the key to the endurance and reliability of devices we rely on daily, often braving environmental challenges that range from moisture to dust. This article delves into the intricacies of IP ratings, their importance, and why IP rating matters in industrial switches.

What are IP Ratings?

IP Ratings

IP ratings, short for Ingress Protection, is a universally adopted standard used to assess the level of sealing effectiveness of electrical enclosures. The rating system determines how well these enclosures can guard against the intrusion of various external elements such as solid objects (e.g., dust, dirt, or tools) and moisture. These ratings are not just arbitrary numbers but rather structured codes that deliver a wealth of information about a device's safeguarding prowess.

How are IP Ratings Defined?

The alphanumeric construct of an IP rating can be confounding at first glance. The IP rating consists of two numbers. The first number indicates the dustproof level, the level of protection against solid particles, ranging from 0 (no protection) to 6 (dust tight).

IP Ratings Chart

The second number indicates waterproof level, the level of protection against liquid ingress, ranging from 0 (no protection) to 8(high-pressure water and steam).

IP Ratings Chart

For example, an industrial switch with an IP67 rating. The first digit"6", indicates that the device is completely protected against the ingress of solid particles, including dust, and provides a dust-tight seal. The second digit, "7", indicates that the device is capable of withstanding the effects of immersion in water up to a depth of 1 meter for up to 30 minutes without water penetrating the enclosure.

Why IP Rating Matters in Industrial Switches

IP Rating is an essential consideration when it comes to industrial switches. As mentioned earlier, the IP (Ingress Protection) rating plays a crucial role in determining the suitability of a device. In the industrial environment, switches are often exposed to harsh conditions such as dust, moisture, and even water immersion. The IP rating ensures that the switch can endure these conditions without compromising its functionality. This becomes particularly important as industrial switches frequently operate in extreme environments with high humidity, dust, or chemical exposures.

For instance, FS IES3110-8TF industrial switch features a rugged IP30 aluminum metal housing, enabling it to withstand extreme temperatures ranging from -40°C to 75°C. Additionally, it can endure high degrees of vibration and shock. The IP rating of a switch is influenced by factors like design, materials used, and manufacturing techniques. Understanding these ratings is of utmost importance in high-stakes scenarios to ensure seamless operational integrity.

The IP rating of an industrial switch directly affects its ability to withstand harsh conditions, making it a vital factor to consider when selecting such devices. By choosing switches with appropriate IP ratings, businesses can ensure reliable and uninterrupted network connectivity in challenging industrial environments.

Choosing the Right IP Rating

As diverse as the devices themselves are, so are the contexts in which they operate. When it comes to choosing the appropriate IP rating, a tailored approach is the way forward. Understanding the specific requirements of a device, assessing the environment it will function in, and identifying potential hazards that might come its way are all pivotal steps. However, these steps are not taken in isolation. Consulting standards and regulations are equally crucial. These standards, often established by reputable organizations, offer a compass to navigate through the intricate terrain of IP ratings.


In a world where technology touches every facet of our lives, the longevity and reliability of our devices are paramount. Understanding IP ratings—from deciphering waterproof and dustproof ratings to comprehending the significance of numerical scales—empowers us to make discerning choices. So, next time you marvel at the sleekness of a smartphone or the robustness of an industrial switch, remember that beneath the surface, a world of IP ratings and standards silently speaks of their capabilities. It's a world where resilience meets innovation, and protection meets progress.

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