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How to Build a 10G Home Fiber Network?

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Posted on December 26, 2019
September 22, 2020
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No matter you are a user of the enterprise network or home network, the need for a fast and reliable Ethernet can never be diminished. With the mature and wide application of the 10GbE technology in the commercial sector, the deployment cost for a 10G network has greatly cut down. This trend has driven some home users to think about the upgradation of their current 1G fiber optic home network to a 10G network. As the 10G network is still a new field for most home users. In this post, we bring some useful tips for you on how to deploy a 10G home fiber network from 10G home network basics to network assessment, selections for best home network devices, and a typical cabling scenario for 10G fiber optic home network cabling.

Starts from Network Assessment

Before the deployment of your 10G fiber network, it's necessary to have an overall network assessment for your home so as to ensure the network deployed can handle all your traffic needs. You probably should ask yourself a few questions, such as how many computers, printers, and other peripherals will connect to your network? How much wireless coverage will you need at your location? What type of mobile devices will need access to your network? Do you have the need to supervise all network devices? Are there any special functions that you want to have for your network devices? Where would you like to have 10G connections and where would you leave it at 1Gbps?

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What Makes a 10G Home Fiber Network?

To have a better assessment, you need to have a rough idea about what makes a 10G home network. For a 10G home network, several components are indispensable: 10GbE home switch, router, and wireless access point (AP). According to different needs, there are optional devices that can also be included in your home networks such as network-attached storage (NAS) devices (like a network server), 10G network cards, PoE switches, and end devices like PC and security camera.

How to Choose Best Devices for Your 10G Home Fiber Network?

As we know, home network switch, router, and AP are three of the most essential and important network components for a home fiber network. If you want to get the best 10G home network, best devices are indispensable. In this post, we take the selection for these three basic network devices as examples to show you how to choose the best network device.

Home Network Switch

There are many types of network switches in the market. For a 10G home fiber network, you probably need the 10G Ethernet switch and PoE switch. To choose the best home network switch, you can take into account the following three factors:

Features & Performance

Generally speaking, a home Ethernet switch especially the managed switch has many features. However, there is no need to select a home network switch with all features. Besides the basic features such as advanced QoS, VLAN, and security, you’d better take switching capacity, max. power consumption, continuous availability into consideration. Moreover, fanless and stack designs are important factors as well. Fanless design helps to reduce power consumption and keep the network without noise, which matters a lot for home users. As for the stack design, it can bring great flexibility for your network. When you want to upgrade the network or add more network devices into your network, stacking multiple switches can be the simplest solution to realize your needs without changing your original network infrastructure.

Ports

Usually, a home network switch comes with copper ports, optical ports, or hybrid ports. The copper port can connect with a copper cable like Cat6. While a home network switch with SFP/SFP+ port can connect with SFP/SFP+ transceivers and fiber optic cables. Apart from port type, the port number to connect with your devices should also be considered. If you don’t have many network devices to connect, an 8-port or 12-port 10GbE switch is enough to cover all your needs; otherwise, you will need a 24-port or 48-port switch, or even multiple switches. You can choose a suitable one based on your needs.

Cost

The cost of an RJ45 port is lower than an optical port. Therefore, a home switch with copper ports will be cheaper than a fiber switch. And a managed switch with high performance is also much expensive than an unmanaged type. When you already have determined the type of home network switch you want, you can compare the price from different vendors and choose the most cost-effective one.

Home Router

Connecting your home network to the Internet, the selection for the best home router is also important. But it can be much simpler than a home network switch. First, you should contact with your ISP (internet service provider) or look at your account details to get your Internet speed. Your router is required to handle your Internet speed. Considering you are cabling a 10G home fiber network, at least one SFP+ port should be equipped in that network router. Then you need to figure about what type of router you need: wired router or wireless router. Although a wireless router provides both WiFi and Ethernet connections, the coverage of the WiFi signal is limited and the price will be more expensive than a wired one. Therefore if the area needs to be covered by the network is large, a wired router, combined with additional wireless access point(s), is preferred for its cheaper price and more stable connections.

Wireless Access Point for Home

Connecting your wireless devices to an Ethernet network, the wireless access point for home is indispensable. Similar to router, you also need to figure out the amount of space the wireless AP needs to cover. It will help you determine the number of the AP you need. Besides, you should know how many wireless devices are needed to be connected in a Wi-Fi network. The wireless AP that you are going to buy should be able to handle that figure.

A Case of 10G Home Fiber Network

After the network assessment for your home and purchasing all network devices needed, it's time to deploy your 10G fiber optic home network. As you can see in the following diagram, we now have a good number of devices all over the house. Having counted the possible connections, we take the 24-port 10Gb switch as the core switch in the home, which has 24 copper ports to connect with most of the end-devices and 4 SFP+ ports to connect with a PoE+ switch, router, NVR, and server. As for the PoE devices in the courtyard, garage, and living room, we use an 8-port Gigabit PoE+ switch to cover them all.

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Conclusion

Deploying a 10G home fiber network is not so hard as you might have thought. It's pretty much similar to a Gigabit fiber network. What you need is a complete network assessment for your house. Based on that, you can choose the most suitable network devices for your fiber optic home network.

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