What Is 100G CXP Transceiver Module and How to Use It?

Updated on Dec 11, 2021 by

100G CXP Transceiver

As technology develops, 100G transceiver modules have been officially published to meet the growing bandwidth requirement of data center networks, such as 100G QSFP28, 100G CFP modules and 100G CXP optical transceivers. In this article, we will introduce the CXP transceiver, including definition, working principles, applications, and FAQs.

An overview of 100G CXP

CXP module is 45mm length and 27mm in width, a bit larger than an XFP (10 Gigabit small form-factor pluggable). A CXP module consists of 12 transmitting and 12 receiving channels in its compact form-factor and each channel supports up to 10 Gbit/s data rate. Its transmission distance can reach up to 100m over OM3 fibers, and 150m over OM4 fibers. So 100G CXP transceiver is designed for short-distance applications over multimode fibers, such as data center networking, high-performance computing networks, enterprise core aggregation, and service provider transport applications, etc.

Figure 1: FS CXP-100G-SR10 Transceiver


How CXP Module Works?

The 100G CXP transceiver incorporates the 850nm VCSEL (vertical-cavity surface emitting laser) technology, PIN array technology, and integrated laser driver and receiver IC technology, which combine to provide robust electrical and optical performance at high data rates. The CXP module is designed to operate over multimode fiber system using a nominal wavelength of 850nm. Its electrical interface uses an 84-contact edge type connector, and the optical interface uses a 24-fiber MPO connector. Usually, a CXP optical transceiver converts the 12 channels 10Gbps electrical signals into 12 channels 850nm optical signals and then using 2x 12-fiber or 24-fiber MPO/MTP MMF to connect devices (such as network switches, servers).

Figure 2: 100G CXP Module Working Principle


100G CXP Transceiver Application

The CXP optics provide customers various high-density 120Gbps connectivity solutions. It can be used for 120Gbps direct connections between two network switches or servers or can be split into 3x 40Gbps and 12x 10Gbps connections.

120 Gbps to 120 Gbps Direct Connection

The 100G CXP 120G-120G direct connection can be achieved by one 24-fiber MTP trunk cable. Figure 3 shows the application between the network switches by 24-fiber MTP female to female OM4 trunk cable, Type A.

Figure 3: 100G CXP 120G to 120G Direct Connection

120 Gbps to 3x 40 Gbps Interconnection

In this CXP module 120Gbps to 3x 40Gbps interconnect cabling solution, one 120G CXP can be divided into 3x QSFP+ by 24-fiber MTP to 3x 8-fiber MTP multimode conversion harness cable as figure 4 shows. The 120Gbps transmission is broken into 3x 40Gbps transmissions, then each QSFP+ can be distributed to 10G switches through 12-fiber MTP harness cables.

Figure 4: CXP Module 120Gbps to 3x 40Gbps Interconnection

120 Gbps to 12x 10 Gbps Interconnection

For the CXP transceiver 120Gbps to 12x 10Gbps transmission, one 120G CXP will be split into 12x 10G SFP+ transceivers, and a 24-fiber MTP to 12x LC harness cables can do the job. Figure 5 uses the customized high-density female 24-fiber MTP to 12x LC duplex OM4 breakout cable to complete the transmission.

Figure 5: CXP Transceiver 120Gbps to 12x 10Gbps Interconnection

Note that:

  • 100G CXP transceiver can not be connected with the QSFP-SR4-100G module even though they have the same wavelength 850nm.

  • 100G QSFP only supports 4x 10G or 4x 25G interface, which means the supported data rate is 4x 10 Gbit/s or 4x 25 Gbit/s. Whlie 120G CXP delivers at 12x 10 Gbit/s.

  • When the CXP optical module is connected with breakout patch cables, like MTP harness cables, it only works with SFP+ module with 850nm wavelength, but not with other wavelengths.

CXP Transceiver Recommendation

Based on the existing market demand for data transmission, FS provides customers with 100G CXP/CFP/CFP2/CFP4 transceivers to realize different distances for data center transmission. FS CXP transceivers have high performance and low power consumption, achieving 300/400m long-distance transmission through OM3/OM4. They consist of 12 full-duplex channels, and each channel can transmit data at a rate of 10.5Gb/s, providing an aggregate rate of 120Gb/s, which can be used in short-reach data center networking, high-performance computing networks, enterprise core aggregation, and service provider transport applications, etc. Meanwhile, they have been rigorously tested, have good compatibility and support digital optical monitoring (DOM) to meet the various needs of customers.

As to longer distance (above 10km) data transmission or data center interconnection, there are CFP/CFP2/CFP4 transceivers. FS CFP/CFP2/CFP4 transceivers feature higher transmission efficiency, available for line-side trunk DWDM data center interconnection, metro operators, etc.

Products Wavelength Max Data Rate Max Cable Distance Interface Media DOM Support
CXP-100G-SR10 850nm 120 Gbps 150m@OM4, 100m@OM3 MTP/MPO-24 MMF Yes
CFP-100G-LR4 1310nm 103.1 Gbps 10km LC duplex SMF Yes
CFP-100G-ER4 1295.56nm, 1300.05nm, 1304.58nm, 1309.14nm 103.1 Gbps 40km LC duplex SMF Yes
CFP-100G-SR10 850nm 103.1 Gbps 150m@OM4, 100m@OM3 MTP/MPO-24 MMF Yes
CFP2-100G-LR4 1295.56nm, 1300.05nm, 1304.58nm, 1309.14nm 112Gbps 10km LC duplex SMF Yes
CFP4-100G-LR4 1295.56nm, 1300.05nm, 1304.58nm, 1309.14nm 112Gbps 10km LC duplex SMF Yes



From the above, we now have a clear understanding of the 100G CXP transceiver module. Its unique design and technology make it quite suitable for short-reach transmission. And CXP optics can be used in various connections for different requirements like 120Gbps, 3x 40Gbps and 12x 10Gbps connections. Also, for longer distance transmission, we can consider CFP/CFP2/CFP4 transceiver modules.

Related Information

100G QSFP28 Optical Transceiver Comparison

A Comprehensive Understanding of CFP Transceiver Modules

You might be interested in

See profile for Sheldon.
Decoding OLT, ONU, ONT, and ODN in PON Network
Mar 14, 2023
See profile for Irving.
What's the Difference? Hub vs Switch vs Router
Dec 17, 2021
See profile for Sheldon.
What Is SFP Port of Gigabit Switch?
Jan 6, 2023
See profile for Migelle.
PoE vs PoE+ vs PoE++ Switch: How to Choose?
May 30, 2024
See profile for Moris.
How Much Do You Know About Power Cord Types?
Sep 29, 2021