How to Install or Remove SFP, SFP+, QSFP, XFP Transceiver Modules
SFP, SFP+, QSFP, XFP transceiver modules are hot-swappable I/O devices, which are the key components in today’s transmission network. These devices are popular in data center, campus, metropolitan area access networks, and storage area networks. Therefore, knowing how to install or remove a transceiver module is very essential for networking administrators.
Overview of SFP, SFP+, QSFP, XFP Modules
The SFP modules are integrated fiber optic transceivers that provide high speed serial links from a port or slot to the network. The SFP+ transceiver is an enhancement over the SFP optics developed for 1 Gbps Ethernet and 1 Gbps, 2 Gbps, and 4 Gbps Fibre Channel. The SFP+ modules extend the data rate up to 11.10 Gbps. Various latching mechanisms can be utilized on the SFP and SFP+ modules. There are three types of latching devices to secure a transceiver in a port socket: mylar/pull tab latch, bale-clasp latch and actuator button latch.
QSFP is a compact, hot-pluggable transceiver used for data communications. The QSFP specification supports Ethernet, Fibre Channel, InfiniBand and SONET/SDH standards with different data rate options. QSFP transceivers support the network link over singlemode or multimode fiber patch cable. QSFP modules are commonly available in several different types: 4x1G QSFP, 4x10G QSFP+, 4x28G QSFP28. The QSFP uses the release handle latching mechanism as shown in the following figures.
XFP modules are the standardized form factors for serial 10 Gb/s fiber optic transceivers. It is protocol-independent and fully compliant to the following standards: 10G Ethernet, 10G Fibre Channel, SONET OC-192, SDH STM-64 and OTN G.709, supporting bit rate from 9.95G through 11.3G. XFP transceivers are used in datacom and telecom optical links and offer a smaller footprint and lower power consumption than other 10 Gb/s transponders. The XFP module uses the bale clasp latching mechanism as shown in the following figures.
Preparing to Install or Remove a Transceiver Module
Wrist strap or other personal grounding device to prevent ESD occurrences.Antistatic mat or antistatic foam to set the transceiver on.Fiber-optic end-face cleaning tools and inspection equipment
Complete the following tasks before or during installing or removing a transceiver module:
To preventing the cables, connectors, and the optical interfaces from damage. We must disconnect all cables before installing or removing a transceiver module.Please be aware that the regular installation and removal of a transceiver module can shorten its useful life. Thus, transceivers should not be removed or inserted more often than is required.Transceiver modules are sensitive to static, so always ensure that you use an ESD wrist strap or comparable grounding device during both installation and removal.Do not remove the dust plug from the transceiver slot if you are not installing the transceiver at this time. Similarly, we must use the dust plug to protect the optical bore if we don’t use the transceivers.
The SFP, SFP+, QSFP, XFPmodules are referred to as pluggable port modules (PPMs).
Step 1: Attach your ESD preventive wrist strap to your wrist as well as to the ESD ground connector. A metal surface on your chassis is also acceptable.
Step 2: Remove the PPM from its packaging.
(Please note: You shouldn’t remove the optical bore dust plugs yet.)
Step 3: Check the label to verify that the PPM is the correct type for your network.
Step 4: Locate the send (TX) and receive (RX) markings. These will allow you to identify the top of the SFP transceiver module.
(Please note: Certain PPMs may represent the TX and RX marking with arrowheads. The direction of these will allow you to determine the send and receive.)
Pointing from the SFP transceiver module connector = Transmit/TX
Pointing toward the connector = Receive/RX
Step 5: Align the PPM in front of the module’s transceiver socket opening and carefully slide the transceiver into the socket until the transceiver makes contact with the socket electrical connector.
(Please note: Devices can have different module socket configurations. It is possible to have either a latch-up or a latch-down orientation. Firstly make sure that you are installing an PPM with the correct latch orientation for your device.)
a. For transceivers equipped with a mylar/pull tab:
b. For transceivers equipped with a bale-clasp latch:
c. For transceivers equipped with an actuator latch:
Step 6: Insert the PPM into the socket until you feel the connector latch into place. Ensure that you press the PPM firmly into the slot using your thumb.
(Please note: For those PPMs which have an actuator latch, you must press on both the transceiver faceplate and the actuator button to ensure that the transceiver is correctly connected.)
Step 7: Verify the transceiver module installation. Attempt to remove the module without releasing the latch, if it cannot be removed then it is correctly seated. If it can be removed reinsert the module and press harder with your thumb, until you can verify that it is correctly seated.
Step 8: You can now remove the dust plugs from the network interface cable. You should save the dust plugs for future use.
(Please note: Before you remove the dust plugs and make any optical connections, observe these guidelines:
a. Always keep the protective dust plugs on the unplugged fiber-optic cable connectors and the transceiver optical bores until you are ready to make a connection.
b. Always inspect and clean the LC connector end-faces just before you make any connections.
c. Always grasp the LC connector housing to plug or unplug a fiber-optic cable.)
Step 9: Inspect and clean the fibre-optic end-faces on the LC connector.
Step 10: You can now remove the dust plugs from the PPM’s optical bores. As soon as this has been completed you must attach the network interface cable to the module.
(Please note: If you are connecting a 1000BASE-T SFP transceiver module to a copper network you should firstly insert the Category 5 network cable RJ-45 connector into the SFP transceiver module RJ-45 connector. Then Insert the other end of the network cable into an RJ-45 connector on a 1000BASE-T-compatible target device.)
Step 11: Check the port status LED:
If the LED turns green, the SFP transceiver module, the target device has established a link with PPM.If the LED is off, please ensure that the target device is powered on before troubleshooting. There might be a cable problem, or there might be a problem with the adapter installed in the target device.If the LED will turn amber for approximately 30 seconds prior to turning green.
Step 12: Reconfigure and reboot the target device if required.
Removing SFP, SFP+, QSFP, XFP Transceiver Modules
Step 1: Attach an ESD-preventive wrist strap to your wrist and to the ESD ground connector or a bare metal surface on your chassis.
Step 2: Disconnect the network fiber-optic cable or network copper cable from the PPM connector. For optical transceivers, immediately reinstall the dust plugs in the SFP transceiver optical bores and the fiber-optic cable LC connectors.
(Please note: For reattachment of fiber-optic cables, note which connector plug is send (TX) and which is receive (RX).)
Step 3: Release and remove the PPM from the socket connector.
a. If the transceiver has a mylar/pull tab latch, pull the tab gently in a slightly downward direction until the transceiver disengages from the socket connector, and then pull the transceiver straight out. Do not twist or pull the mylar tab because you could detach it from the transceiver.
b. If the transceiver has a bale-clasp latch, pull the bale-clasp out and down to eject the transceiver from the socket connector. If the bale-clasp latch is obstructed and you cannot use your index finger to open it, use a small flat-blade screwdriver or another long narrow instrument to open the bale-clasp latch. Grasp the transceiver between your thumb and index finger, and carefully remove it from the socket.
c. If the transceiver has an actuator button latch, gently press the actuator button on the front of the SFP transceiver until it clicks and the latch mechanism releases the transceiver from the socket connector. Grasp the actuator button between your thumb and index finger, and carefully pull the transceiver straight from the module slot.
Step 4: Place the removed transceiver in an antistatic bag or other protective environment.
As SFP, SFP+, QSFP, XFP transceiver modules are widely deployed, a good practice and correct installation are very important for network system, not only to protect the transceiver modules and device from damage, but also to ensure a stable performance for system. With the complete installation and removal guidance, you do need not to ask an engineer for help every time, even for some minor faults.